11 Possible Questions in Research Title Defense

The research title defense is a part where you will face a panel of evaluators to defend or explain to them what you want to learn about your thesis or proposed research titles. Some schools and institutions organize committees to screen and criticize research titles before they are allowed to proceed with the actual research. Here, you will have a question-and-answer session with a panel of evaluators. This session aims to demonstrate the importance of carrying out the research you have chosen and to determine if you, as a researcher, are truly capable of accomplishing it.

In this post, we will look at the types of questions that may be asked during a research title defense. Understanding these potential questions can help you fully prepare for the first defense of your research journey. Without further ado, here are the possible questions in your research title defense.

Possible Questions and Answers in Research Title Defense

Here are the possible questions that you may encounter during your research title defense and their possible answers.

1. Among the three proposed titles, which one do you highly prefer?

Suppose your research professor asks you to submit three possible titles for your project. During your presentation to the panel, they will ask you: Which of the three titles do you prefer the most?

Some researchers rank their titles according to their preferences. The first one is their top choice, the second one is their backup option, and the third one is their least favorite. So when the panel asks you which title you prefer, you should be honest. Tell them what you really want and why you are passionate about it.

What if you can only submit one title for your project? Well, then you have no choice. You have to defend it and explain why you chose that title for your research.

Sample Answer:

Among the three proposed titles, I highly prefer the title “Exploring the Impact of Renewable Energy Policies on Economic Growth: A Comparative Study.” This title stands out because it focuses on an important and timely topic, the relationship between renewable energy policies and economic growth, which has significant implications for sustainable development. Additionally, the title suggests a research approach that involves a comparative study, indicating a comprehensive analysis of multiple cases or regions. By examining the impact of renewable energy policies on economic growth, this study has the potential to provide valuable insights for policymakers and contribute to the ongoing discourse on the transition to a greener economy.

2. What problem prompted you to propose such study?

The panel will ask you about the source and significance of the problem that you want to address with your research title. You should be able to explain that clearly. If you don’t have a strong justification for your research title and you just say, “I just feel like it,” you may risk getting rejected. Be careful with this question, and make sure you know why you are interested in this topic. You cannot say, “Sir, I don’t have any ideas or inspiration.” That is not an acceptable answer, and it may lead to disapproval.

Sample Answer:

The problem that prompted me to propose this study is the increasing prevalence of mental health disorders among adolescents. According to the World Health Organization, approximately 10–20% of children and adolescents worldwide experience mental health disorders. This has significant implications for their overall well-being, academic performance, and long-term functioning. The lack of early intervention and effective strategies to address these disorders has contributed to their persistence and negative impact. Therefore, it is crucial to investigate the factors contributing to mental health disorders in adolescents and develop appropriate interventions to mitigate their effects. By understanding the underlying causes and implementing targeted interventions, we can promote the mental well-being of adolescents and enhance their overall quality of life.

3. What possible contributions can this study yield?

The panel wants to know how your study can contribute to the field of knowledge and society. What are the expected outcomes and implications of your research? Who are the stakeholders or beneficiaries of your findings? You should be able to articulate these points clearly. A good proposal should demonstrate the value and significance of your study.

Sample Answer:

The possible contributions of this study are multi-fold and can significantly advance the existing knowledge in the field. Firstly, this research addresses a critical gap in the literature by investigating [insert specific research focus], thereby expanding the understanding of [insert relevant subject]. This study’s findings will contribute to theoretical frameworks by offering novel insights and perspectives, paving the way for future research, and refining existing theories.

Secondly, the practical implications of this study are noteworthy. The outcomes can inform policymakers, practitioners, and stakeholders involved in [insert relevant field] to make informed decisions and develop effective strategies. By identifying and addressing key issues, this research can potentially improve [insert specific area or practice] and enhance outcomes in [insert relevant domain].

4. What legal bases can you cite to support the proposed study?

You need to cite relevant laws, Republic Acts, or executive orders that back up your research. How can you find those legal bases? You have to search the internet, read, and remember them.

Sample Answer:

In conducting this research, there are several legal bases that can be cited to support the proposed study. The study aligns with the principle of academic freedom, which is protected under international and national laws, emphasizing the right to pursue research and express ideas freely. It adheres to ethical guidelines and institutional review board regulations, ensuring the protection of human subjects and ethical research practices. Additionally, the study may be supported by specific legal frameworks or regulations that govern the subject matter being investigated, such as Republic Act 10173, the Data Privacy Act of 2012, Republic Act No. 8293, the Intellectual Property Code, or industry-specific regulations. Lastly, the research may be conducted in accordance with the provisions of any relevant local, national, or international laws that govern research activities in the respective field.

5. What do you mean by _______?

The panel asks for meaning or details about the words you used in your title. Be prepared for this question. Whatever words you have used in your title, it is a must that you be able to explain the meaning of these words or phrases.

Cloud computing is a model that enables convenient, on-demand access to a shared pool of computing resources, including networks, servers, storage, applications, and services, that can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal management effort. It allows users to access and utilize computing resources from anywhere, at any time, using internet connectivity.

6. On what theoretical foundation can you base this study?

Mention a theory or theories to support your title proposal. For example, the Social Identity Theory, the Second Language Acquisition Theory, or perhaps the laws of learning? Prepare one, two, or maybe three theories that you can use to support your proposed study.

Sample Answer:

The theoretical foundation for this study is grounded in social cognitive theory. Bandura’s social cognitive theory emphasizes the reciprocal interaction between individuals, their environment, and their behavior, highlighting the role of cognitive processes in shaping human actions. This theory provides a framework to understand how individuals acquire knowledge, develop skills, and engage in behaviors through observational learning, self-regulation, and self-efficacy beliefs. By adopting this theoretical perspective, the study aims to explore the cognitive and behavioral mechanisms underlying the phenomenon under investigation, contributing to a comprehensive understanding of the topic.

7. What are your variables?

In our research, we have variables. These variables refer to the factors or attributes that can vary or change throughout the study. They are the measurable or manipulable elements that have an impact on the research outcomes. The variables can be classified into independent variables (manipulated or controlled factors) and dependent variables (measured or observed outcomes).

Check your study which one is the dependent variable and which one is the independent variable. Remember, the independent variable is the cause, and the dependent variable is the effect. As a result, whatever changes take place in your independent variable also affect your dependent variable.

Sample Answer:

The variables in my study on the effects of exercise on cardiovascular health are exercise and cardiovascular health. The independent variable in this study is exercise, specifically the type, duration, intensity, and frequency of exercise. The dependent variable is cardiovascular health, measured through indicators such as blood pressure, heart rate, cholesterol levels, and aerobic capacity.

8. What findings/results do you intend to gather?

In your defense, if you are asked the question, “What findings/results do you intend to gather?” you can provide a strong answer by emphasizing the specific goals and objectives of your research. Here’s an example response:

“In my research, I aim to gather significant findings and results that contribute to our understanding of [insert your research topic]. By conducting a comprehensive analysis of [describe the data, variables, or sources you will be studying], I anticipate uncovering valuable insights regarding [highlight the key aspects or phenomena you will be investigating]. Through rigorous data collection and analysis methods, I intend to identify patterns, correlations, or trends that shed light on [specific research questions or hypotheses]. Ultimately, my goal is to generate new knowledge and contribute to the existing body of literature in the field of [your research area]. I anticipate that my findings will provide valuable implications for [mention potential applications or implications of your research], offering practical benefits to [identify the stakeholders or beneficiaries].”

Remember to tailor your response to your specific research topic and objectives. This answer showcases your intention to make meaningful contributions to the field and highlights the potential impact of your findings.

9. What is the essence of your proposed study?

When asked about the essence of your proposed study, you can provide a comprehensive and concise answer that highlights the significance and purpose of your research. Here’s an example of a good answer:

“The essence of my proposed study lies in addressing a critical gap in our understanding of [insert your research topic]. By examining [briefly describe the main focus or objectives of your study], my research aims to contribute to the existing body of knowledge in this field and provide valuable insights into [mention the potential impact or implications of your study]. Through rigorous data collection, analysis, and interpretation, I intend to shed light on [specific research questions or issues] and offer evidence-based recommendations for [relevant stakeholders or areas of application]. Ultimately, this study seeks to advance our understanding of [research topic] and has the potential to make a meaningful contribution to academia, industry, or society as a whole.”

10. Who will be your respondents? Do you think they will cooperate?

If you are not prepared for this question, you might be caught off guard. When it comes to the question of “Who will be your respondents?” in your research, it refers to the individuals or groups of people who will participate in your study and provide data or information based on your research objectives. The selection of appropriate respondents is crucial as they should be representative of the target population or have the knowledge and experiences relevant to your research topic.

In order to provide a good answer to this question during your defense, consider the following points:

  1. Clearly define your target population: Specify the characteristics and criteria that define the group of people who are most relevant to your research. This may include demographics, professional backgrounds, or specific expertise.
  2. Justify the selection of your respondents: Explain the rationale behind choosing these particular individuals or groups. Discuss how their perspectives, experiences, or expertise align with your research objectives and can contribute valuable insights to your study.
  3. Describe your recruitment strategy: Outline the methods you will use to identify and approach potential respondents. This could involve using random sampling techniques, seeking participants through professional networks, or utilizing existing databases.
  4. Address potential challenges: Acknowledge any potential obstacles or difficulties that may arise when recruiting respondents. These could include time constraints, reluctance to participate, or other factors that may affect cooperation.
  5. Outline measures to ensure cooperation: Discuss the steps you will take to encourage cooperation and participation from your chosen respondents. This could involve clear communication, informed consent procedures, confidentiality assurances, or incentives for their involvement.

By addressing these points, you can demonstrate your thoughtful consideration in selecting appropriate respondents for your research and provide assurance that you have considered potential challenges and strategies to ensure cooperation.

Sample Answer:

“My respondents will be teachers and students from three public high schools in Quezon City. I chose these respondents because they are directly involved in the implementation and evaluation of the K-12 curriculum, which is the focus of my research. I want to explore their perceptions, challenges, and recommendations regarding the curriculum.

To recruit my respondents, I will use stratified random sampling to select 10 teachers and 20 students from each school. This will ensure that I have a representative sample of different grade levels, subject areas, and academic performances. I will contact the school administrators to obtain their consent and assistance in identifying and inviting potential respondents.

One of the challenges that I may face is the limited availability and willingness of the respondents to participate in my study. Since they are busy with their teaching and learning activities, they may not have enough time or interest to join my study. To address this challenge, I will schedule the data collection at their convenience and offer incentives such as snacks, certificates, or tokens of appreciation. I will also explain the purpose and benefits of my study and assure them of confidentiality and anonymity.”

11. If approved, how many months would it take you to finish this study?

You should always be ready for this question. It is not acceptable to start thinking about the timeframe for your research only during the defense. You should also know why you will spend that much time on the study. The panel wants to see how prepared you are and if your planning for this study is good. You have to let them know that you are systematic and strategic and that you have well-thought-out plans for this study.

Sample Answer:

Based on the proposed methodology and scope of the study, I anticipate that it will take approximately six months to complete the research. This estimation takes into account factors such as data collection, analysis, interpretation, write-up of findings, and potential revisions. Similar studies in the field have typically been required around this timeframe to ensure thoroughness and rigor in the research process. However, the actual timeline may be adjusted depending on unforeseen challenges and resource availability.


The research title defense is the first level of your research journey. The success of the other two levels is dependent on the success of your title defense. Being prepared for the questions that may arise during this defense can greatly enhance one’s chances of success. By anticipating and addressing potential queries related to the research objective, research questions, methodology, data collection and analysis, expected outcomes, and feasibility, researchers can demonstrate their competence and passion for their chosen topic. Embracing the defense as an opportunity to showcase knowledge and capabilities will enable you to confidently navigate this critical stage and move closer to realizing your research aspirations.

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